The study phase had divided the determinants as follows:

External determinants

  • Geographical location and being nearby the targeted markets.
  • The capacity of the competitiveness in providing services.
  • Attracting the international companies and organizations.
  • High technology.
  • International shipping and navigation.


Internal determinants

  • Policy management.
  • Management skills.
  • Infrastructure.

Between 1995 to 2005, the international trade in the Mediterranean has almost 29% from the overall total, which are:

  • 39% for the European union.
  • 37% Asia & Japan.
  • 15% Middle East.
  • 3% Africa and northern west & southern the desert.
  • 6% for the rest of the world.

The trade of the European Union with Africa and northern west & southern the desert is about 86% from its trade with the rest of the African countries. While, the international trade flow indicates that about 12% of the total of the shipping goes to Africa.

The transit trade in Africa is promising if it were planned for in a strategic manner as well as to use the Libyan resources in serving this purpose and to facilitate the shipping by sea, air and Land carriage, besides to consider the best actions for securing that.

Through adding some of the local productions that relays on raw materials or even half produced materials that can be marketed to European Union and other African countries, that could have a huge impact on the long term upon improving the industry sector as well as other high tech projects.